PASQuanS2: Advancing Quantum Simulation Technologies for Practical Applications

Pasquans2: Advancing Quantum Simulation Technologies For Practical Applications

PASQuanS2, a project led by the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, aims to further advance programmable quantum simulation in Europe over the next seven years. The project brings together the original consortium members and additional experts from research institutes, industry, small to medium-sized enterprises, and start-ups from seven EU member states.

The European Quantum Flagship, initiated in 2018, is one of the most extensive and ambitious research endeavours undertaken by the European Union. With a 10-year timeline and a budget of €1 billion, the flagship aims to foster collaboration between research institutions, academia, industry, enterprises, and policymakers. This joint initiative seeks to consolidate and expand European scientific leadership and excellence in quantum physics research. Moreover, the Flagship strives to enable the transfer of this research from the laboratory to commercial applications and disruptive technologies.

The European Quantum Flagship project PASQuanS played a significant role in advancing quantum simulation technologies and applications. By collaborating with experimental groups, theoretical teams, and industrial partners, PASQuanS successfully improved quantum simulation platforms based on atoms and ions, making them the most advanced platforms.

In quantum simulation, intrinsic noise that limits experiments and the lack of error-correcting codes are significant challenges. ParityQC and other partners aim to overcome these challenges by combining their expertise.

“At ParityQC, we are dedicated to help achieving the goals of the PASQuanS2 project with our recent
breakthroughs. Our aim is to make use of newly developed error mitigation techniques, homogeneously parallel quantum gates and specifically designed quantum dynamics to overcome major challenges in quantum simulation and computing.”

Magdalena Hauser and Wolfgang Lechner, co-founders and CEOs of ParityQC

Advancing Quantum Simulation Technologies: The PASQuanS2 Project and Its Framework Partnership

The project aimed to scale up quantum simulators, and its mission is now being continued and expanded by PASQuanS2, its successor project. PASQuanS2 aims to build upon the successes of PASQuanS and continue to advance quantum simulation technologies for practical applications.

The 25 partners have formed a Framework Partnership to carry out an ambitious seven-year research program to improve hardware and software for scientific and industrial problems. The goal is to demonstrate large-scale quantum simulators with up to 10,000 individual quantum systems that are stable and accessible to end-users by the end of the Partnership.

PASQuanS2 is starting its first project phase, PASQuanS 2.1, which follows a two-stage approach. The project will run for the next 3.5 years. One of its primary objectives is to develop quantum simulators with a minimum of 2,000 atoms and a path towards 10,000 while improving control, stability, and scalability. PASQuanS 2.1 will focus on advancing the technological platforms, developing a software stack to control the devices, exploring industrial applications, and mapping real-life problems. Additionally, the project aims to establish a sustainable ecosystem of end-users and open quantum simulation platforms.

The success of this phase will require collaboration between experimentalists, theorists, engineers, and industrial partners, including hardware and software technologists, all working together with prospective end-users.

“Addressing these challenges calls for a concerted effort between experimentalists and theorists from the academic world and engineers from industrial partners, including hardware and software technologists working together with prospective end-users”

Immanuel Bloch, Project Coordinator and Director at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and Chair at LMU Munich.

“At the end of this first phase, we plan to have a quantum simulation ecosystem involving hardware platforms and corresponding bespoke software, enabling us to demonstrate a quantum advantage in academic and industrial problems in the second phase of PASQuanS2. Moreover, this ecosystem will comprise an integrated hardware supply chain helping to advance modular systems, which we will further implement as building blocks on experiments during PASQuanS2.2, and a pipeline transferring these building blocks to industrial partners for industry-driven production of quantum simulators and open online platforms.”

Immanuel Bloch, Project Coordinator and Director at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and Chair at LMU Munich.

PASQuanS2, part of the European Quantum Technology Flagship, will maintain communication and collaboration with other EU-funded quantum projects and national programs throughout Europe. This exchange and liaison will facilitate technology transfer and promote cooperation between academia and industry at the technology and end-user levels.