Technology of the Future
Quantum Companies

What the CQC and Honeywell tie-up means for the Future of Quantum Computing

Recently Honeywell announced that it was buying the majority share of CQC – Cambridge Quantum Computing in a deal worth hundreds of millions. But what are the wider implications for the industry? Could we see more mergers and consolidations? Will QC companies look to specialise or vertically integrate into a quest for market dominance? Here we outline what the future might be for the nascent industry with some thoughts from our Quantum Market Analyst.

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General Technology

Join Quantum Computing companies exploring the Julia Language at JuliaCon 2021

It is no secret that we like the Julia language. We think it has some of the great benefits of languages such as python but with features like linear algebra built-in. Julia is also a fast language to run code and easy to learn. We have in the past written articles on Julia such as Could Julia replace Python and be transformational in Quantum Computing? and Learning the Julia programming language for free. The latest JuliaCon 2021 has been announced for those wanting to take part virtually.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Books

New Quantum book inspired by Dungeons and Dragons: “Dungeons and Qubits” helps readers learn Quantum Computing and Qiskit

We love initiatives to help people learn quantum computing and quantum computing coding. The latest initiative from Brian Siegelwax is a very different beast from the standard Quantum Computing textbook. The book originated from a conversation Brian had with a colleague about how to create a new Quantum Computing book that wasn’t a total yawn.

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Quantum Funding

Pasqal raises 25 million euros in Series A round. Aim to bring massive scale to Quantum Computing with 1,000 Qubits

The French start-up has announced that its latest round of funding raised 25 million euros in a Series A round led by Quantonation and the Defense Innovation Fund. The aim is to fund further development towards commercialisation of their technology and quest for ever more qubits under control, in addition to building out Quantum Computing as a service. The technology behind the qubits differs from those of IBM, Google, and Xanadu, and the hope is that this can mean a faster route to scaling thousands of high fidelity qubits.

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General Technology

Honeywell Takes a Majority Stake in British Quantum Computing Company: Cambridge Quantum Computing (CQC)

Honeywell, the developers of Ion Trap quantum technology have announced that they will take a majority stake in the Cambridge firm. Honeywell is a publicly listed technology company that has many products ranging from control systems to quantum computers. The move will help cement Honeywell’s push into quantum utilising the expertise that has been built up by CQC in Quantum Machine Learning, quantum languages (such a t|ket>) and NLP.

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Algorithms

Honeywell expects its new quantum algorithm to solve real-world problems sooner than previously expected

Honeywell recently has demonstrated that their new holographic quantum dynamics (holoQUADS) algorithm has accurately simulated a quantum dynamics model, this simulation was completed with fewer qubits than the traditional methods. This new algorithm had used nine qubits in order to simulate 32 spins – or localized electrons. For comparison, the traditional methods required one qubit per spin.

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Quantum Investment

IonQ team up with SoftBank Investment Advisers in its pursuit to take Quantum global

IonQ, one of the leaders in quantum computing and Trapped Ion technology has announced the strategic partnership with SoftBank Investment Advisers, manager of SoftBank Vision Funds 1 and 2, for the deployment of quantum-first solutions in the regions, industries and portfolios where SoftBank has presence. This partnership should expand the access of IonQ’s quantum computers across the world, and also SoftBank Vision 2 will also join IonQ in its investor portfolio as IonQ is quickly approaching its public debut.

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Quantum Landscape | Quantum Platforms

Zapata Computing Expands its business with the launch of their new UK office, focused on Quantum Computing Software

Zapata Computing, one of the leading software companies that focus on quantum-classical applications, has recently announced that is expanding its operations by registering a new legal entity in the UK. This expansion is going to enable Zapata Computing to work more closely on projects that are restricted on export by the UK’s government, namely the […]

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Quantum Resistant

New Quantum Computing Resistant Blockchain named QAN launches which is also energy efficient.

We have covered some of the applications and threats of quantum computing to cryptography. We have previously written on the applications to blockchain such as the project named QRL, but now there is another project in town which is named QAN, a revolutionary energy-efficient quantum-resistant blockchain platform that launched on June 1st 2021. Elon Musk will be happy (his tweets about the prodigious waste of resources that mining cryptocurrencies) that another currency has launched with not only this in mind but the ability of the tokens to be quantum-resistant.

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Quantum Landscape | Quantum Research

Amazon’s quantum computing service Braket has introduced a quantum circuit noise simulator named DM1

Last year we announced Amazon’s public unveiling of a new Quantum computing service named Amazon Braket and now almost nine months later, starting from May 25th, 2021, Amazon Braket has started offering their fully managed, density matrix simulator named DM1, created for the purpose of simulating quantum circuits with noise. The DM1’s goal is to help you investigate the effect of realistic noise on your quantum algorithms, also to inform you about error migration strategies and get you more accurate results of today’s quantum computing hardware. With the new DM1 simulator, you will be able to simulate up to 17 qubits and you will be able to run up to 35 simulations simultaneously, in order to accelerate your experiments. Also, for fast debugging and prototyping you can now use the local noise simulator available on the Amazon Braket SDK.

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Quantum Cryptography

Quantum and Cryptography. Do we need to worry about the rise of Quantum Computing?

Likely, as with many introductions and textbooks to quantum computing, you’ve been introduced to two Quantum Algorithms with a lot of promise. Grovers and Shor’s Algorithm promise a lot, with the former being able to search through data faster than classical algorithms and Shor’s famous for being able to factorize numbers also faster than classical approaches. We’ll outline some of the current cryptographic protocols and whether quantum provides a real threat to their security. Much of our modern world, whether banking, cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin or Ethereum, and the Internet rely on secure cryptography in order to function. Could Quantum Computing make these security protocols redundant?

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Quantum Internet

Will the Quantum Internet be the next big thing?

Since its public inception, the internet has sprung a worldwide technology and has evolved into what we are witnessing today, an internet revolution and digitalization that affected almost every aspect of our lives. Every little device connected to an enormous network of computers spread around the globe that are waiting and ready to share data among them at the speed of light. And now after nearly three decades, we are standing in front of another miraculous technology that can change our lives beyond this, the quantum internet.

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General Technology

Old technology that still rocks, CMOS controller for quantum computer operates at 3K

On May 12th, comprehensive research titled “CMOS-based cryogenic control of silicon quantum circuits“ was published in Nature science journal. The research was undertaken by Tu Delft University in the Netherlands and Intel. In this research, the researchers have conducted several experiments and had reported a cryogenic CMOS control chip that operates at 3 kelvin and then outputs […]

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Fun Stuff

Could Quantum Computers have come from Alien Technology? Could other civilizations have harnessed Quantum Computing?

If you’ve watched mainstream news, you might have noticed the flurry of activity around a spate of UFO or UAP (Unidentified Aerial Phenomena) sightings. Over the last few years, there has been a series of videos depicting what appear to be flying devices that are propelled by a mechanism we simply do not understand on earth. The U.S. Navy formalized a reporting process in 2019 for pilots to report incidents of UFO sightings and the Pentagon declassified three videos taken by U.S. Navy pilots last April which show unidentified objects flying at high speeds in the Earth’s atmosphere along with audio of Navy pilots expressing their shock at the craft. We take a diversion into looking at some lesser-known views of technological innovation.

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Quantum Companies

Agnostiq Acquires 2$ Million in Seed Funding to Support its Saas Quantum Software Development

Agnostiq Inc. the one-of-a-kind quantum computing Saas startup has been very busy lately. They have secured 2$ million in seed funding to support the development of their Saas software platform. Their financial growth is led by Differential Ventures and other companies like Scout Ventures, and Boost VC. Agnostiq previously has also raised $830 thousand in pre-Seed funding, with the majority of the funds came from its current investors Boost VC and Differential Ventures.

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Quantum Research

Cork goes Quantum. Ireland’s Minister Simon Harris launches the first national Quantum Computing Centre at Tyndall Institute

The multi-million investment will include 900 square meters of research facilities, dedicated to the development of quantum technologies at Tyndall’s freshly opened facility on Cork’s North Mall. This facility is planned to play a key role of Tyndall’s institute to double in size by the middle of this decade. Tyndall institute will also recruit five […]

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Quantum Cryptography

New Quantum SPAC. Centricus Acquisition Corp, to Merge With Quantum Encryption Technology company, Arqit Limited

Arqit Limited, a leader in quantum encryption technology has entered into a definitive agreement to merge with Centricus Acquisition Corp, a publicly traded special purpose acquisition company. This transaction is expected to provide up to US$400 million of gross proceeds to Arqit. This merger is valued at approximately US$1.4 billion in equity and the pro […]

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Quantum Physics

Intel and QuTech reveal the latest breakthrough in solving Quantum Interconnect Bottlenecks

Intel together with QuTech (a venture that is a collaboration between the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research and the Delft University of Technology) – recently have published some important advancements into solving the interconnect bottleneck issue. This is an important advancement because this issue exists between quantum chips that sit in cryogenic dilution refrigerators and the complex room-temperature electronics that control the qubits. These advancements technology were covered in many industry-leading science journals like Nature, and mark a big milestone in solving one of the biggest challenges to quantum scalability, all achieved with Intel’s new cryogenic controller chip named Horse Ridge.

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General Technology | Quantum Funding

Germany supports Quantum Computing with 2 billion euros in funding, but can it compete with North America or the UK?

As nations get excited by the prospect of a new industrial revolution sparked by developments in Quantum Computing, Germany has decided to back the sector with €2 billion in funding (around $2.4 billion) over the next four years. The funds will support the whole quantum sector which includes the fundamental technologies which enable Quantum Computing […]

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Quantum Computing Companies

British based Quantum Companies making waves in the Quantum Industry

We’ve widened our information set to include Quantum related companies too (not just quantum computing) – some of those companies are funding the very Quantum Start-ups that we write about (For example IP Group funds Quantum Motion). Other such as Oxford Instruments, as their name suggests provide some of the supportive (refrigeration) technologies that allow super cooled qubits to operate.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Hardware

Chinese up the game in race for useable Quantum Computers. Device sports 62 qubits

As the international pace for innovation continues towards large scale Quantum Computers, a recent announcement from China has demonstrated at 62 qubit programmable quantum computer. It is claimed that the computer uses the largest number of qubits built using superconducting technology currently in existance. The quantum computer is named Zu Chongzhi after the famous 5th century Chinese mathematician and astronomer.

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Quantum Hardware

PsiQuantum and Global Foundries to build first full-scale quantum computer – could we see a million qubit Quantum Computer soon?

One of the worlds best funded Quantum Start-ups has announced that with Global Foundries (GF), a semiconductor manufacturer will work together on the development of a massive scale quantum computer. PsiQuantum have been vocal in their ambition to build a million qubit systems. The partnership cements the ambitions to put the Q1 system into a commercial reality utilising silicon photonic and electronic technologies, which will be a milestone on the roadmap to a million qubit system.

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Strangeworks Platforms
Quantum Platforms

Strangeworks integrates Cambridge Quantum Computing language t|ket> into ecosystem

Perhaps one of the UK’s best funded start-up’s sees their quantum language and framework integrated into the offering from Strangeworks, a Texas based Quantum provider. The US, Austin-based company is focused on making quantum computing more accessible and more human and will integrate CQC’s quantum software platform into the Strangeworks Quantum Computing ecosystem. The language offers many performance benefits to users wanting to extract the most from NISQ hardware.

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Education | Quantum Events

A Hands-On Approach to Quantum Computing Learning – Comics and Coding with Q#

Who says you cannot have fun learning Quantum Computing with comics? Readers of QZ will know about how seriously we take quantum education and how important training the next generation of researchers, developers and hackers is. But learning quantum doesn’t have to mean complex slides, dull graphics and impossible problems. One of the developers behind Microsoft’s new Quantum Learning platform is hosting a free live event on the 5th of May 2021 to introduce learners to Quantum Computing and programming with Q#

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Education

Microsoft launch new Quantum Computing Learning Resource from Garage

Microsoft has been busy building up its learning resources to help developers navigate their way into Quantum Computing. In their new initiative, built in their Microsoft Garage, by over a dozen Microsoft staff, the resource aims to make developing with the Microsoft stack and Q# easier. Divided into three phases, students will be taken right the way from qubit basics to state-of-the-art in quantum systems.

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Quantum Finance

Goldman Sachs says Quantum Computing just 5 years away from use in Markets

A recent report from Goldman Sachs, the investment bank suggests that Quantum Computing is just five years from being used in market trading. The report by the FT (Financial Times) says that Quantum computing could be brought to bear on some of the most complex calculations in financial markets within five years. The research, conducted with quantum start-up QC Ware, suggests that developers looking to exploit Quantum Computing could achieve practical results soon.

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Education

New Quantum Doctoral program at Harvard seeks more unified Quantum Education

Quantum and Harvard together, are nothing new, but the announcement of a new PhD program seeks to provide a more suitable route for doctoral candidates into the Quantum area. Harvard University has created one of the world’s first PhD programs in Quantum Science and Engineering, a new intellectual discipline at the interface of physics, chemistry, computer science and electrical engineering. Quantum technologies are proving to be multi-discipline and PhD programmes are often very specific to a particular field.

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Quantum Companies

Is CQC (Cambridge Quantum Computing) the new Google DeepMind? New Head of AI Beefs up Artificial Intelligence capabilities

Spurred on by the hiring of one of Google DeepMind’s key players, could the Quantum Company from Cambridge be the next contender as a DeepMind of Quantum? DeepMind is a start-up that emerged in the UK to pioneer Deep Leaning and AI, and as the world shifts into exploring how quantum computing can be explored in machine learning, there could be another company named CQC that could be the contender for perhaps the UK’s hottest Quantum / Deep Tech start-up.

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Quantum Computing Courses | Quantum Machine Learning

Qiskit Summer School is back with focus on Quantum Machine Learning

We all know QML stands for Quantum Machine Learning and is the new cool kid town. QML presents one of the best use-cases of early quantum computing. This announcement of Qiskit’s summer school focusing on QML will go hand in hand with the latest version of Qiskit which has a new emphasis on QML in version 0.25. The previous Qiskit summer school was a resounding success and little wonder as summer 2021 rolls around Qiskit Sumer School will be again prove immensely popular. The Qiskit Global Summer School is back from July 12-23 2021!

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Careers

Why you might need to be a bit of a generalist to get a job in Quantum Computing

We recently listened to business leaders at the recent Quantum tech conference. We heard from leaders at Boeing, for example, about quantum skills and getting into the Quantum Computing space at the recent push towards skilling people up for Quantum. He called it Pi shaped engineers. Increasingly, workers must possess both broad management abilities and deep specialised skills, as Forbes it. We write down a few points here to consider when considering talent decisions in the Quantum space.

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Quantum Finance

Fintech boosted by Quantum Computing? Ally joins Microsoft Quantum Azure to explore use cases

Fintech is one of the hottest start-up sectors. Making sense of the vast array of financial possibilities, Ally the financial company providing banking to millions is exploring Quantum Computing with Microsoft’s Azure Quantum program. The aim is to explore quantum-inspired algorithms to solve optimisation problems. Microsoft’s Azure platform has been a successful service attracting many into the services, but the Quantum version aims to attract first and early adopters to the nascent but growing quantum computing field.

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Quantum Hardware

US Army Research to fund Quantum Computing into novel Qubits

With just about any groundbreaking technology it is expected that security and military applications become of vital national importance. So it should come as no surprise that the US Army division responsible for research is keen to ensure continued development of capabilities and that means investment into Quantum. The US Army Research Office (ARO) in collaboration with the Laboratory for Physical Sciences (LPS), who have been collaborating for over 20 years, have launched a new funding initiative for Quantum named: Next New and Emerging Qubit Science & Technology or (nextNEQST) for short.

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Quantum Internet

Department of Energy widens Quantum Internet Development with $25m funding

In a push to support the wider Quantum technology industry, the US DOE (Department of Energy) has announced it is going to provide $25m towards a quantum internet which will go into research. The funds will push the development of a Quantum Internet and be used for basic research and to help design, develop and produce a quantum internet testbed at a regional scale or intra-city or inter-city level.

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Algorithms | General Technology | Machine Learning | Quantum Machine Learning | Quantum Research

Quantum Machine Learning making it to Primetime with new Qiskit release 0.25

We covered the recent release of Qiskit 0.25 which is one of the most popular Quantum toolsets and languages. Supported by IBM, the framework has an established following, and therefore when there are major changes to the framework, you could say the zeitgeist changes. That major change amongst a few others is the inclusion of a dedicated Quantum Machine Learning Module.

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Algorithms

Australian Student’s Quantum Code gets the attention of Amazon

Quantum Computers are noisy. Researchers have been exploring way to reduce the errors that existing Quantum computers inherently have. So called NISQ era devices are Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum require error correction in order to function, which is an intense field of research. So when a Sydney based student published a new scheme for error correction that can offer a large advantage over existing schemes, it attracted the interest of industry and academia.

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Quantum Platforms

NVIDIA goes Quantum, well almost….GPU maker launches cuQuantum SDK

Some of the worlds leading chip makers and designers such as ARM, AMD and NVIDIA are not actively building quantum chips. Intel has been working on its semiconducting chips for a while now. NVIDIA is known for producing graphics cards or GPU’s which are typically used in applications now beyond simply graphics and are used for speeding up computation workflows and accelerating certain applications. It should come as no surprise that NVIDIA see the future of Quantum and have now released a framework or SDK for simulating Quantum Circuits.

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Quantum Events

Happy World Quantum Day: 14th April

We have Pi day which celebrates the amazingness of numbers such as 3.14159…so why not World Quantum Day? Well that day is upon us as a new initiative begins on the 14th of April named World Quantum Day. The World Quantum Day aims at promoting the public understanding of Quantum Science and Technology around the World.

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Quantum Hardware

Quantum Computing makes it to Forbes 30 under 30

The European Forbes 30 under 30 covers the movers and shakers of the business world. In the latest 30 selected individuals ORCA Computing has been mentioned, specifically the Kris Kaczmarek is named who is Head of Product at ORCA Computing. ORCA is a British Quantum Computing company that aims to bring the world Quantum Computing […]

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Articles on Quantum Computing

New Finnish Quantum Institute launches InstituteQ to collaborate across research centres

Finland has announced that it has launched a new institute named InstituteQ with the aim of collaborating on all things quantum. The The Finnish Quantum Institute will bring together expertise in research and development, education, and innovation to further Finlands quantum technology research. The University of Helsinki, Aalto University and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland are involved.

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Fun Stuff

Are we alone in the Universe? Could an object called Oumuamua be technological debris from another Civilisation?

We at Quantum Zeitgeist love reading science, not just about the latest developments in Quantum Computing and Quantum Technology but also the more esoteric aspects of science. Perhaps one of the oldest questions is whether we are alone in the universe or are we a) part of a larger group or life and b) are we being visited. Quantum Computing already brings up profound questions as to the reality of existence such as the “Many Worlds” theory or Quantum Physics exposed by David Deutsch and Hugh Everett. Prof Avi Loeb believes we have good evidence that there is intelligent life elsewhere as evidenced by an object that came “close” to earth. In his latest book named “Extra Terrestrial” he examines the evidence for believing an object named Oumuamua which came close to the earth is more than a piece of rock and could represent advanced technology.

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Quantum Investment

Spooks funding Quantum Computing in the United Kingdom

As if Quantum Computing couldn’t get any spookier, funding aimed at promoting UK security and defence is actively investing in the technology. The NSSIF (The National Security Strategic Investment Fund), which invests on behalf of spy agencies (MI5, MI6 etc) as well as the armed forces, has according to the Daily Telegraph, increased the number of funds it backs from a solitary fund last year to a total of seven investment firms.

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Algorithms | IBM Quantum Computing | Machine Learning | Quantum Machine Learning

Bold New Version of IBM’s Qiskit Quantum Development Kit released includes Quantum Machine Learning and New Nature Module

One of the most popular Quantum languages and toolsets, Qiskit, now gets a new upgrade to version 025 which includes some new modules such as Nature. The already popular package Aqua gets a replacement which is aimed, not just at Chemistry but Physics too. There are also enhancements to Quantum Machine Learning (QML) which see Qiskit releasing a Machine Learning Module. QML has been perhaps one of the biggest areas of interest from Quantum Computing in application to a number of fields, so no surprise that the Qiskit toolset now sports QML capability. In total there are now four additional modules: Qiskit Nature (which will replace Aqua), Finance, Optimization and Machine Learning.

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Quantum Consortiums

HQAN and Aliro Quantum Joins Forces to Build Distributed Quantum Networks

Aliro Quantum and HQAN (the NSF Quantum Leap Challenge Institute for Hybrid Quantum Architectures and Networks) have chosen to combine forces in constructing the ground-laying technology for distributed quantum networks. This is a quick and cost-effective way to HPC (High-Performance Computing) capable of creating a lasting effect in artificial intelligence, medicine, navigation systems, security communications, […]

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General Technology | Quantum Landscape

Canadian government invests in quantum computing to strengthen nation’s quantum offering

On March 11, the Honourable François-Philippe Champagne, Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry, announced that the Canadian government will invest $40 million in D-Wave Systems. This will support a $120-million quantum computer hardware and software development project. The investment will help Canada ensure it stays at the forefront of international quantum technology development.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Machine Learning

Cambridge Quantum Computing demonstrates Quantum Machine Learning Methods for Reasoning

One of the exciting areas lighting up the world of quantum computing is that of Quantum Machine Learning. With the massive interest in classical machine learning which has affected all areas of our lives and threatens even more disruption such as self driving cars and automation beyond imagination, is it no wonder that researchers look to utilise the inherent power of Quantum Computing to drive innovation in Reasoning. The announcement from CQC (Cambridge Quantum Computing) highlights how quantum machine can learn to infer hidden information from very general probabilistic reasoning models.

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Quantum Computing Courses

IBM offer Quantum software developers the chance to get certified with Qiskit

Qiskit is one of the most popular Quantum Computing Languages. Qiskit is an open source framework that has won the backing of developers and researchers the world over. Supported by IBM, the technological giant has announced that IBM will offer the quantum industry’s first developer certification. This is exciting news. Currently there are a few online quantum computing courses, but we’ve not quite reached developer certification and the new credential will take the evolution of learning quantum computing and Qiskit one step further.

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Education | General Technology

The Julia Language goes from strength to strength as it hits version 1.6 milestone

We are Quantum Zeitgeist love the Julia language and we think you will too. We liken it to the natural successor to Python. It does a great deal of what python does today but natively. Julia is also a great language for quantum computing simulations because its inbuilt libraries can handle Linear Algebra with total ease. We have written about Julia before and some of the advantages the language can offer.

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General Technology | Microsoft Q# Tutorial | Quantum Computing Courses

Microsoft ups the ante in push for Quantum literacy with new Quantum course recommender

Microsoft is one of the top three language players in the Quantum space where it supports the open source language Q#. Other open-source languages such as Qiskit and Cirq from IBM and Google are challengers to be the most adopted Quantum languages employed by developers and researchers. In the quest to own the Quantum Computing ecosystem, each language is supporting existing developers and hoping to bring new developer’s into the fold. Now Microsoft is making it easier for learners to find their level of quantum computing and aims to build a curriculum around their needs.

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Quantum Hardware

Qiskit Metal now launched for Quantum device design

Qiskit, one of the most popular open source Quantum programming languages has released is sporting a new initiative: Qiskit Metal which is bringing the open-ness to the hardware side of Quantum development. Quantum Metal is aimed squarely at the quantum community so that quantum chip development can happen collaboratively. The vision is to create a […]

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Quantum Machine Learning

Tensorflow for Quantum hits first Birthday

The enormously popular machine learning frame work: TensorFlow that was adapted for the Quantum domain reaches its first birthday mile stone. The framework from Google/Alphabet has made machine learning and deep learning possible at scale and the software that is created from TF (TensorFlow) gets wrapped up into numerous projects and tools. Roughly one year ago back in March 2020 (how the world was so different), TensorFlow got a Quantum flavour.

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Quantum Applications | Quantum Hardware

Google’s TPU’s to simulate Quantum Workloads with Floq API

Google has built a processing device named the TPU or Tensor Processing Unit. You have certainly used a CPU and most likely a GPU (Graphical Processing Unit), but the TPU presents a new way of processing data. Since 2015 Google has used TPU’s in their own development. The Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) is specific hardware developed by Google for neural network machine learning, especially tailored to Google’s Machine Learning software named Tensorflow. But now the team aims to repurpose the technology to allow Quantum workloads to be run using a new API named Floq.

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Quantum Hardware

Next Gen refrigerator technology from Oxford Instruments helps drive Quantum Computing forward

As many technologies in the Quantum space require cold temperatures, being able to create these conditions is central to the development of super conducting quantum technologies such as those from the likes of IBM. You’ve likely seen the “Quantum Chandelier” which contains the very low temperature qubits and their control circuits which are then held at super low temperatures. Oxford Instruments NanoScience is announcing significant innovation in its Cryofree® dilution refrigerator technology which furthers the quest towards useable Quantum Computers.

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General Technology | Quantum Physics

New York Physicists Program Nanolight

A quantum physicist team affiliated with the Max Planck–New York City Center for Nonequilibrium Quantum Phenomena recently developed a novel platform capable of controlling light at a nanoscale wavelength. They manipulated the light by programming a layered crystal’s electromagnetic response. Other than controlling nanolight itself, this discovery can potentially lead to new quantum information processing and imaging capabilities.

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Quantum Hardware

Honeywell boasts another Quantum milestone with a Quantum Volume of 512

Honeywell, one of the larger technology companies involved in the Quantum race towards large-scale quantum computing has announced that is has now achieved a new milestone, roughly a quadrupling of their previous marker. The news comes at an interesting time as we see IonQ head toward the public markets via SPAC making headlines as the first pure-play quantum computing publicly listed company. Honeywell is listed (NYSE: HON), but it is not a pure-play company in that it develops a variety of technologies – especially control systems.

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Quantum Investment | Quantum Landscape

First in Quantum. IonQ is to be the first publicly traded pure-play Quantum Computing Company

In news that will excite everyone from technology enthusiasts to the investment community, the news that IonQ a creator of Quantum Computing technology using trapped Ions is headed for the public market will galvanise the quantum computing industry and possibly lead the way for the industry. As we have written previously, IonQ will hit the market via a SPAC or special purpose acquisition company. The startup IonQ has entered into a merger agreement with dMY Technology Group, Inc. III (the SPAC). The end result is that IonQ will be the first publicly traded pure-play quantum computing company.

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Quantum Landscape

Israel to spend $60 million to build first Quantum Computer

While Israel joining the quantum race is old knowledge, recently the country has decided to plan on spend $60 million, or 198 million shekels, to build a 30-40 qubits quantum computer. The funding will raised by the Ministry of Defence and Innovation Authority, with bids from multinational companies, Israeli businesses, and universities. The winner of this round will begin working before the end of 2021.

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Quantum Applications

Big Pharma working with Quantum Computing titans

Recently, there are signs that pharmaceutical companies are increasingly leaning towards adopting quantum technology. Earlier in January 2021, Boehringer Ingelheim, the world’s largest private drug company, announced a partnership with Google. Roche, the largest pharmaceutical company in the world, also announced it was working with Cambridge Quantum Computing (CQC) slightly later. They will develop quantum algorithms for drug discovery and development.

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Quantum Hardware

Colorado bids for Quantum Computing hardware plant

Colorado’s Economic Development Commission recently approved a $2.9 million fund in state job growth incentive tax credits. The money will go towards a manufacturing plant to produce quantum computing hardware. This would provide around 700 jobs for the state’s quantum industry. ‘Given the broad applications and catalytic benefits that this company’s technology could bring, retaining […]

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General Technology | Quantum Applications

Cambridge Quantum Computing publishes paper on largest Natural Language Processing implementation on a Quantum Computer

Cambridge Quantum Computing (CQC) recently announced a new paper on March 2, 2021, titled ‘QNLP in Practice: Running Compositional Models of Meaning on a Quantum Computer’. Its subject is the largest implementation of Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks on a quantum computer to date. The paper is currently available on a repository in pre-print form.

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Quantum Companies

Quantum Computing Company of the Day: ApexQubit

As we now head into spring, we have restarted our reviews of companies of the day. Today we look at ApexQubit, which is aiming at changing the pharmaceutical and drug discovery process using classical and quantum computing. Drug discovery pipelines take up to around ten years and can cost billions of dollars. Computational approaches are combinatorially expensive and therefore techniques that can reduce the affective sampling space could be advantageous.

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Quantum Applications

Quantum Computing and renewable energy

As the world looks for new and more sustainable energy sources, renewable energy is again on the ascendancy. The move towards to renewable energy to combat climate change are one of the greatest technical challenges of our age. Quantum Computing also offers much promise with a variety of companies involved in the sector ranging from large technology companies such as IBM and Microsoft alongside numerous start-up’s. Could Quantum Computing help the quest towards renewable energies?

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Education

IBM-HBCU Quantum Centre welcomes ten more universities as members

Ten Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) were added to the list of IBM-HCBU Quantum Centre members. The centre was launched in September 2020 with thirteen members, and now the total rises to twenty-three. The goal of the centre is to provide quantum education for underrepresented communities and advance quantum information science (QIS). The centre’s initiative will go on for multiple years, focusing on STEM fields and itself follows IBM’s announcement of investing $100 million in these HBCUs through the IBM Skills Academy Academic Initiative.

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General Technology | Quantum Landscape

BP joins IBM Quantum Network to pioneer use of Quantum technology in energy

BP (the energy giant) has joined the IBM Quantum Network to advance the use of quantum computing technology in the energy industry. As an Industry Partner, BP will have access to IBM’s quantum assets and expertise through the cloud. Currently, BP will be able to use a 65-qubit quantum computer as well as be involved in an important milestone on the IBM roadmap, a 1,000+ qubit system scheduled for the end of 2023.

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Quantum Investment

From SPAC to SPAQ. How Quantum might get to the market quicker than we all thought

The new word in investment circles is SPAC which stands for Special Purpose Acquisition Company. This financial entity is helping companies that would not easily be able to get onto the public markets an easy runway. We at Quantum Zeitgeist have often written about when the first “proper” Quantum company IPO will take place – what we mean by this is a truly dedicated Quantum technology company firm. Might the process of SPAC actually mean we could see Quantum Companies sooner? Well in a recent announcement from IonQ – it certainly looks like we could see a Quantum Company list via SPAC soon. We call this phenomena SPAQ (in the old tradition of putting Q into everything Quantum).

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Quantum Machine Learning

Quantum Machine Learning used in Novel Drug Discovery

One of the early use cases of Quantum Computing is Quantum Machine Learning, which is not surprising given the massive interest in classical Machine Learning. Now a new collaboration between Cambridge Quantum Computing (CQC), JSR Life Sciences and CrownBio are aiming to use the latest techniques in QML (Quantum Machine Learning) to help find biomarkers which could be used in novel cancer treatments.

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Quantum Computing Courses

Microsoft’s New Quantum Computing Course: Quantum computing foundations

We feature quite a few different Quantum courses. In the past we have covered courses from IBM, EdX, Coursera, Brilliant and Microsoft. We now can report there is another instalment in the popular Quantum Computing series from Microsoft. The course is named quantum computing foundations and aims to help users begin exploring quantum computing and optimization (one of the early but indeed very useful applications of Quantum Computing).

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General Technology

Strangeworks, the Texas based Quantum Computing Company refreshes its offering

Strangeworks is perhaps one of the lesser known QC companies. Whilst we haven’t heard from the company in a while we are pleased to note the company has been busy beefing up its software offering. The claim is that Strangeworks can allow users to run quantum code from all major frameworks and in jupyter notebooks. That means you can use Strangework’s software to interact with a variety of platforms and languages such as Cirq, Qiskit, Q# and more.

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General Technology | Quantum Computing Companies

NEC and ParityQC work together to make practical quantum computers

ON February 10, NEC Corporation and ParityQC announced their collaboration in quantum annealing. The former will be the first around the world to implement ParityQC’s quantum annealing software. ParityQC’s Architecture is its new solution to solving optimisation problems on a quantum computer. It also has its own superconducting parametron quantum devices. Using this hardware, quantum […]

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Quantum Platforms

Strangeworks launches new quantum ecosystem to globalize and humanize access to Quantum Technologies

Strangeworks the Texas based company that is pioneering the interaction of man and (quantum) computer has launched a new initiative to make getting quantum savvy even easier. The new initiative sees a three pronged approach including Strangeworks QS (Quantum Syndicate) which aims to to unify all technology hardware accessible with one platform (computers based on super conducting, trapped ions, trapped atoms, annealers, and photonic technologies, among others).

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General Technology

Get the latest insight on Quantum Computing from PsiQuantum’s Jeremy O’Brien and Microsoft’s Mark Russinovich

This last week saw MIT’s Future Compute conference with industry luminaries giving their take on what is happening in the world of Computing – not just Quantum Computing. Topics such as edge computing, high performance, quantum computing and of course cloud computing were the main stays of the talks from some of the world’s leading thinkers and technology businesses.

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Fun Stuff | General Technology

Microsoft’s big error in Quantum Computing

In March 2018, Leo Kouwenhoven, a Dutch physicist and Microsoft employee, believed that he found a Majorana fermion, an elusive particle. Microsoft wanted to exploit this particle for quantum computing to rival its competitors, and the company’s quantum computing business development head, Julie Love, promised that a commercial quantum computer will be ready in five years. However, three years later, Kouwenhoven and his team discovered that they did not really find the particle and will retract their original paper published in Nature.

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Quantum Computing Courses

Quantum Computing for Everyone

Quantum computing doesn’t have to be hard. There are now so many resources available on the web that can help learners understand quantum computing fundamentals. So whether you are interested in Quantum Computing, Cryptography or the Quantum Internet, there are now plenty of courses available online, often for free. Here we take a look at a course on EdX which is aimed at everyone.

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Jeff Bezos: Seattle City Council
Quantum Platforms

Will Amazon continue Quantum Computing as Jeff Bezos steps down?

We have seen many projects start and then be dropped within the big tech space. Look at Apple’s Car project which was hiring developers and engineers away from the likes of Tesla – only for the project to be disbanded. Now it looks like the project at Apple is actually continuing. What so of Amazon which has announced that Jeff Bezos is leaving the company he founded. Will the Quantum Computing effort continue in his absence? Could the company be broken up into retail elements and AWS (Amazon Web Services) for example?

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Quantum Hardware

Microsoft develops hardware that allows thousands of Qubits to be controlled at cryogenic temperatures

Dr. David Reilly, with the help of team members from Microsoft and the University of Sydney, just developed a cryogenic quantum control platform that can control thousands of qubits at cryogenic temperatures. The platform employs CMOS circuits and is named Gooseberry. Instead of using thousands of wires in a fridge, Gooseberry operates at 100 milliKelvin […]

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Quantum Platforms

Classiq successfully raises $10.5 million in Series A funding for quantum software development platform

Based in Tel-Aviv, Classiq is a startup with the goal of simplifying the process of creating quantum algorithms and applications for developers. On January 27, the company announced that it has raised $10.5 million in a Series A funding round. Team8 Capital and Wing Capital were among the leaders. Entrée Capital, crowdfunding platform OurCrowd and Sumitomo Corporation (through IN Venture) are also participants. This is after Classiq raised $4 million in a seed round led by Entrée Capital.

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General Technology | Quantum Platforms

Riverlane to roll out universal operating system for quantum computing with $20 million series A round.

Riverlane can now begin building DeltaFlow, an operating system for quantum computers that will eventually spread worldwide. After a recent Series A funding of $20 million, the British company can now commence its operations. It has managed to get 20% of quantum hardware manufacturers to use Deltaflow since 2020. The funding will help Riverlane expand internationally.

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General Technology | Quantum Landscape

MeitY teaming with Amazon Web Services to start on Quantum Computing Applications Lab

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), is working with Amazon Web Services (AWS) to establish a Quantum Computing Applications Lab in India. This will give India’s science and technology fields a huge boost. The new lab will give quantum computing-led projects and development a boost, and there will potentially be new scientific discoveries because of this.

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Machine Learning | Quantum Machine Learning

Google develops language model with more than one trillion parameters

For machine learning algorithms, parameters are the building blocks. They are an important part of the historical training data. In the language domain, sophistication generally correlates with a higher number of parameters, and this has been proven to be a reliable standard. OpenAI’s GPT-3 has 175 billion parameters, making it one of the largest language models ever trained. It can make primitive analogies, generate recipes, and even code at a basic level.

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General Technology | Quantum Hardware

Fault-tolerant continuous variable measurement-based quantum computation architecture developed

Scientists have worked to develop fault-tolerant quantum computer architectures for years. Recent times have shown that continuous variable measurement-based quantum computation on cluster states has potential. It can be used to make scalable, universal, and fault-tolerant systems if it is bolstered with Gottesman-Kitaev-Preskill (GKP) code and error correction.

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Quantum Cryptography | Quantum Internet

China establishes first integrated Quantum Communication Network

A team led by Pan Jian Wei, Chen Yu Ao, and Peng Cheng Zhi from the University of Science and Technology of China in Hefei has established the first integrated quantum communication network in the world. It is comprised of more than 700 optical fibres and two ground-to-satellite links, achieving quantum key distribution over 4,600 kilometres across the large country. This was reported in the Nature magazine.

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Quantum Investment

Chinese Quantum Computing Companies. Stocks that you can add to your 2021 Stock Portfolio

We concentrate a great deal on the US market because the United States has some of the best visibility of all the Quantum technology companies coupled with an investment friendly environment. But no one can mistake the recent announcements from China that the nation is also working hard on building out their Quantum offering. China has also announced (like Google) that it has achieved Quantum supremacy. We take a look inside some of these Chinese Quantum Companies.

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Quantum Investment

Are Quantum Computing stocks a screaming buy for 2021?

Phew, 2020 was a roller coaster year. With Covid-19 dominating the headlines and dictating lives. But there has been an undercurrent of renewed interest in technology, in part due to accelerated changes brought on by covid, such as working from home. The technology sector has continued to accelerate its climb on the worlds markets despite early jitter as Covid-19 first emerged. Are there some trends which will drive more investors into deeper technologies such as Quantum Computing?

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Education | Quantum Computing Courses | Quantum Tutorial

New year new job? Could Quantum be the new industry of the roaring twenties?

As we close out another year and another decade, many pundits will be thinking about the next decade and what technological and science breakthroughs we can look forward to. A lot can happen in 10 years and the excitement in the speed of innovation with developments like the web, mobile and communications have many excited. Imagine 10 years in the development of the web – we went from cutesy home pages to full blown commerce. We might disagree about exactly what the future looks like, but how do you ensure you can still find work and employment in the new landscape?

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Algorithms

Gil Kalai’s Argument Against Quantum Computers – A Very Short Introduction

It is good to hear alternatives and from all sides of the Quantum debate and for that reason we introduce you to Prof. Gil Kalai. Gil has been one of the most vocal in sounding his objections against large scale Quantum Computers or HQCA (“Huge Quantum Computational Advantage”) , akin to quantum supremacy or quantum advantage. Gil has attracted comments from luminaries of the field such as Scott Aaronson. His latest post on this this (argument against quantum computing) has been published on his blog.

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Quantum Investment

Quantum Computing Stocks for your 2021 Portfolio

As 2020 heads into its final days and we recap on the horror of the corona virus, many will have noticed the resilience of many technology companies. Despite cries from many of over-valuation and “market top” the rising trend of higher prices is leading many to look for alternative investments that could unlock massive value – and for some Quantum has that potential. We list 7 stocks that you can buy right now to add to your stock portfolio.

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General Technology

Wishing you a very Merry Christmas from all at Quantum Zeitgeist

No doubt that this year has been a difficult time for many – if not just about everyone. But as the year comes to a close we have seen a massive uptick in interest in Quantum Computing, which can only be a very good thing. We’ve seen broadly a great deal more commercialism of Quantum Computing with release after release – especially into the cloud with announcements from Amazon for example of Bra Ket. So whilst 2020 has been dominated by Covid-19, Quantum Computing and its allied technologies have been a bit of a sleeper – quietly but surely improving, developing and seemingly becoming more useful.

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General Technology | Quantum Mechanics

Natural radiation problematic for developing quantum computers

With the potential to surpass the most powerful classical supercomputers, quantum computing is a very efficient and effective way to solve problems. By harnessing the complex and nigh-magical phenomena that is quantum mechanics, these new systems are showing a lot of promise to power innovations all around the world and in many different fields. Regular computers are powered by bits, but quantum computers use their own version called a qubit, much faster than a classical bit.

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Quantum Physics

One British Company Aims to make Quantum Chip Design Smarter

THE British based company, Quantopticon, was founded by a number of physicists who have been developing their software suite over the past two decades. Quantillion was developed with the purpose to help researchers and designers build smarter photonics devices. As the competition for building quantum computers and Qubits heats up, scientists are looking at ways to build more effective photonic devices, faster and more cost effectively. This is where the rapid prototyping software can replace physical prototyping in the design cycle.

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Quantum Internet

Caltech and Fermi test Quantum Internet Network

A team of Caltech researchers and collaborators from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) worked with Fermilab’s researchers to establish two testbeds. Using commonly available material and cutting edge quantum devices, they were able to teleport quantum information for a sustained period, sending the information to a point 44 kilometres away. The work, which is published […]

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Fun Stuff

Amazon wins Quantum Chess tournament

Starting on December 9, Q2B and Quantum Realm Games hosted a quantum chess tournament, and many leading quantum computing companies sent representatives to play. The games were all live-streamed on Twitch as well. After a long and hard battle, Amazon’s Aleksander Kubica was victorious.

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Fun Stuff | General Technology

Airbus announces Team Machine Learning Reply as winners of 2020 Airbus Quantum Computing Challenge

Originally hosted in 2019, Airbus’s Quantum Computing Challenge has finally announced the end of the competition. After the experts in engineering and flight physics of Airbus teamed up with many leading quantum computing academics and industry experts to make a decision, it was finally decided who won. The winner is Team Machine Learning Reply.

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Algorithms | Machine Learning | Quantum Machine Learning

Qiskit + PyTorch + Python = Quantum Machine Learning. Hybrid Quantum Machine Learning is getting easier.

For many in the classical Machine Learning community the question is when Quantum Computing gets pulled into the mix to create Hybrid Learning networks that consist of both classical and quantum components. As more and more researchers are looking at this lucrative area it should come as no surprise that it is possible to combine the classical and the quantum world to potentially exploit the best of both worlds.

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Algorithms | Quantum News

Phasecraft announces new research paper published by Physics and gains £3.7m funding

Phasecraft has made a breakthrough in quantum computing that will allow quantum theory to become a reality from mere research faster than ever. Dr. Ashley Montanaro led a team to develop and test new algorithms that can optimise and predict the needed quantum hardware capacity when running meaningful programs. This will let complex problem solving faster than classical supercomputers a reality.

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Quantum Computing Business News

Cambridge Quantum Computing successfully raises $45 million

Cambridge Quantum Computing (CQC) has just successfully raised $45 million, generously given by investors such as Honeywell Ventures, IBM Ventures, JSR Corporation, Serendipity Capital, Alvarium Investments, and Talipot Holdings. This large sum will be used to make commercialising quantum computing a closer reality as well as strengthening the company’s position as a leader in quantum computing software and applications.

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General Technology | Quantum News

Atos announces new system for assessing quantum performance, Q-score

Q-score is Atos’ new announcement, the world’s first universal quantum metric. It is applicable to all programmable quantum processors regardless of make and origin. The new metric measures effectiveness in tackling real-life problems that classical computers cannot solve. This is in contrast to only measuring theoretical performance. Atos is committed to delivering early and concrete benefits of quantum computing through Q-score after working with others in industrial and academic partnerships for five years to develop use-cases that employ quantum computing to solve.

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Education | General Technology

New study introduces measures on how a new quantum workforce should be trained

Recently, a newly published study has outlined several methods that colleges and universities can use when updating their curricula to help train new quantum workers that will enter the industry’s workforce. Rochester Institute of Technology Associate Professor Ben Zwickl, one of three researchers, suggested these methods after interviewing more than 20 managers working in quantum technology companies across the US.

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General Technology | Quantum News

Intel announces new 2nd-Gen Horse Ridge Cryogenic Quantum Control Chip

At a recent Intel Labs virtual event, the company revealed Horse Ridge II, a second-generation cryogenic quantum control chip. This is a milestone among others in Intel’s progress to overcome one of the toughest obstacles in quantum computing, scalability. Improving upon the first-generation chip from 2019, Horse Ridge II has enhanced capabilities and allows for increased integration to control quantum systems more precisely. Some of the new features are the ability to manipulate and read qubit states, as well as controlling the potential of several gates needed to entangle more than one qubit.

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General Technology | Quantum News

Chinese researchers claim to have achieved quantum supremacy with Quantum Computer 1 trillion times faster than existing supercomputers

According to a paper published in the journal Science, China is now in possession of a quantum computer capable of blindingly fast calculations, trillions of times faster than what the fastest supercomputers today can do. The team of scientists that developed the quantum computer worked at the University of Science and Technology of China, located in central Hefei. The computer, Jiuzhang, was able to perform 1 trillion times faster than existing supercomputers.

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Quantum Internet

Quantum Internet. What is it? How will it impact your life?

The Internet has been a true revolution our own life-time (certainly mine since I first started getting online in the mid 90’s). Now as new technologies such as Quantum are starting to gain traction, could we see a Quantum Internet, i.e. an Internet that uses Quantum Physics at the core as a protocol. We explore what the Quantum Internet actually means and how it could impact on the future of almost everyone.

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Algorithms

Quantum Natural Language Processing (QNLP) with Prof. Bob Coecke

Here at Quantum Zeitgeist we like to cover interesting applications of Quantum Computing, including Quantum Machine Learning. Now we cover an interesting look at Quantum Natural Language Processing. Classical NLP has taken the world by storm is actively used in many products. Could Quantum Computing provide a new direction in the pursuit of richer and smarter applications and products? We find out from Prof. Coecke.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Hardware

Amazon decides to build its own Quantum Computer

Since we covered the AWS (Amazon Web Services) service that enables quantum hardware on Amazons cloud platform (bra-ket) which employs third party hardware, it seems Amazon is keen to actually build its own quantum computing hardware. Many might argue it was only a matter of time, as Amazon has past experience of looking at trends and acting on them. It uses data heavily and mines for trends and opportunities. So if Amazon is interested in building a Quantum Computer this is good news, it has obviously seen some clear advantages of building its own devices.

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Algorithms | General Technology

Has DeepMind just cracked one of the biggest problems in Biology?

DeepMind isn’t just about teaching machine intelligence how to play games. Many of the projects the company is working on have very serious and very direct applications:especially when it comes down to biology. It should come as no surprise then to many that DeepMind is often cooking up something in their AI kitchen that could directly impact the ability to solve protein structure – the so called “Protein Folding” problem which has confounded researchers and scientists for decades.

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Quantum News | Quantum Physics

China has a new 71 site Bose–Hubbard quantum simulator for quantum electrodynamics research

As of late November 2020, The University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) has announced its new breakthrough. Through collaboration with Heidelberg University in Germany and The University of Trento in Italy, they have successfully created a new 71 site Bose–Hubbard quantum simulator. This is groundbreaking for electrodynamics, especially gauge theory.

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General Technology | Quantum Companies

University of Sussex Adopting the Quantum path

The University of Sussex has announced that it will join the quantum race. It will make Universal Quantum it’s latest spin-out company, giving them a solid foothold in the industry. The tech company is led by quantum computing experts and native scientists Prof. Winfried Hensinger and Dr. Sebastian Weidt. Building the world’s first large-scale quantum computer is the goal in Universal Quantum’s sights.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | General Technology

As tech booms, are we in a Quantum Bubble?

Are we reliving the dot-com boom of the late 90’s which ended up seeing the downfall of a number of fledgling companies such as Pets.com? Out of that wreckage we saw plenty of wealth creation with companies such as Amazon and Google that have continued to innovate and provide many of the services we use today. Are we now facing the same issue of heady tech company valuations that are bleeding over into the Quantum Technology sector?

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Orquestra Zapata
General Technology | Quantum Companies

Zapata announces $38 million Series B funding to further efforts on commercializing quantum computing technologies and applications

Zapata Computing Inc. today announced that it has raised $38 million in Series B funding, up to a total of $64 million. This round was led by Comcast Ventures, Pintango, and Prelude Ventures. Other Series A investors were also involved. These include BASP Venture Capital, Robert Bosch Venture Capital, and The Engine Accelerator Fund. New investors that joined for the first time are Ahren Innovation Capital, Alumni Ventures Group, Honeywell Venture Capital, ITOCHU Corporation, and Merck Global Health Innovation Fund. The investors all have faith in Zapata’s promise to bolster efforts to commercialize quantum computing. Zapata also shows how much it has progressed since last year’s Series A funding.

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General Technology | Quantum Computing

Real-world quantum computers would be possible sooner through new method of circuit compression

Any real-world quantum computer faces the challenge of needing to deal with errors with large numbers of physical qubits. These errors that accumulate are resource-intensive as well as time-consuming in terms of computation. Researchers have not found an effective software method that allows for quantum circuits to be compressed significantly, reducing the demands on hardware.

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Beijing Quantum Computing
General Technology | Quantum News

Chinese Quantum Research achieves multiple breakthroughs

Recently at a government-backed event called ‘Quantum Technology Frontier Experts and Innovations Workshop’ (approximate translation) in Beijing, we received an update from Xue Qi Kun, Head of Beijing Academy of Quantum Information Sciences (BAQIS) and many more quantum experts. These experts shared the latest findings on Chinese quantum research and discussed the future of quantum computing. The subjects discussed were quantum state control, quantum computing and simulation, quantum networks, quantum information science, and many more.

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Quantum Computing Courses

CERN wants to teach the world Quantum Computing

CERN perhaps most famous for its circular atom smasher is now aiming to help the world better understand Quantum Computing and associated technologies. CERN is famous not just for the big large underground partice accelerator but it was the home of where Sir Tim Berners Lee invented the worldwide web and created the www that came to epitomize our interaction with the internet. Now they want to help people get a jump start on the Quantum Computing field.

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General Technology | Quantum Computing Companies

ColdQuanta get $32 million in funding round and UK government funding

ColdQuanta recently announced that $32 million was raised in Series A funding, and there will be more to come. Co-led by Global Frontier Investments and LCP Quantum Partners, they were joined by current investor Maverick Ventures and a new investor, Foundry Group. These funds will be used to develop quantum computers, quantum positioning systems, and real-time quantum signal processing.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Computing Courses

We take an early glimpse at Microsoft’s new Quantum computing course

Microsoft is one of the most well known software companies on the planet that has reaches into operating systems, games (with Xbox) and even hardware. Microsoft also has numerous research centres which are focused on cutting edge computer science. As you might expect, Microsoft is working on Quantum Computing. We take a look at how Microsoft is helping people learn about the Quantum space, it’s Quantum programming language and software stack.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | General Technology

Xanadu publishes Blueprint for a Scalable Photonic Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computer

Xanadu, one of the hottest Canadian start-ups has published it’s Blueprint for a Scalable Photonic Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computer. The extensive publication outlines how to build a modular photonic based Quantum Computer. There are a few candidates for Qubits – ranging from Ion traps to super conducting and photonic is one such candidate that has produced enormous potential for scale-up.

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Algorithms | Artificial Intelligence | Quantum Machine Learning

Could Quantum Neural Networks provide the edge over Classical Neural Networks?

A recent journal article aims to show significant advantages of using a quantum neural networks over their classical counter parts. Neural networks and Deep Learning have been one of the most most talked about areas of Machine Learning with the potential to power applications such as personal assistants, self driving cars, translation and a whole host of potential use-cases. In this latest paper, the authors outline how quantum based networks may offer training advantages and better dimensional properties with the ability to learn faster and more effectively.

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Algorithms | Quantum Computing

Shenzhen National Super-computing centre announces ambitious upgrade plan with sights on Quantum Computing

On October 27, it was revealed that the National Super-computing Centre in Shenzhen, China is planning to work on upgrading its supercomputer complex. The original report says the supercomputer will be at least 1000 times faster by 2022. It will be used in scientific, cloud computing, big data, and AI research among other subjects and fields.

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Articles on Quantum Computing

Baidu’s Quantum Computing market strategy is not just for China

Recently, Baidu Quantum Computing Institute Director Duan Run Yao talked about Baidu’s strategy and goals for the quantum computing market (10jqka and xinhuayuqing). From 2018, Baidu plunged itself into the quantum computing field, beginning research on quantum algorithms and quantum communications technology. So far the company is focusing on AI, cloud computing, and quantum architecture.

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Quantum People

We talk to Mark Webber about his work on Quantum Algorithms at Sussex University

Sussex University is well known for its Quantum technologies. Sussex located close to Brighton is also now the home of a new Quantum Spin-out out that we have introduced before named Universal Quantum which is harnessing Trapped Ion technologies to build a Quantum Computer. We spoke to Mark Webber who works with the founders of Universal Quantum on Quantum Algorithms and how they can be applied in the real world.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Companies

Intel Stock craters again, but could the company be the best value Quantum Computing play?

The last earnings review for Intel was not kind. The sale of its memory business contributed to a massive decline of around 11% in its share price. Seemingly out-smarted by the the likes of AMD and NVIDIA, the chip maker seems to have fallen foul of Wall Street. But could the company which is the only chip maker that conducts research in Quantum Computing be one of the most under-valued ‘Quantum’ companies?

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Algorithms

PennyLane from Xanadu releases v0.12

The popular machine learning toolkit from Xanadu is now at release v0.12 which offers the following features:
New mixed-state simulator, Minimize the number of measurement settings for HW, Access the state vector from circuits, Quantum noisy channels, Preview the next-generation QNode

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Quantum Policy | Quantum Research

Summary of White House’s new report on Quantum Computing

On the 7th October 2020, the White House in the United States released a report, named Quantum Frontiers: Report on Community Input to the Nation’s Strategy for Quantum Information Science. In it, there are eight identified frontiers that have problems impeding progress. As a result, the American government sought advice and help from the quantum community, and this report describes some solutions to these problems.

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Articles on Quantum Computing

We talk to Zapata Computing about their new Scientific Advisory Board and the future of Quantum Computing

Zapata Computing has recently been making headlines with new access to its Orquestra service and availability across a number of platforms. Recently Zapata also re-shuffled its scientific advisory board to include notable figures in the Quantum Community. We ask Zapata about the changes happening and also about the future of Quantum Computing.

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Quantum Companies

Nu Quantum raises £2.1 million to help commercialise proprietary quantum photonics hardware

Nu Quantum, a quantum photonics company, managed to raise £2.1 million in seed funding when Amadeus Capital Partners led an investment round. Four other companies, Ahren Innovation Capital, IQ Capital, Cambridge Enterprise, and Martlet Capital, also invested in Nu Quantum following the latter’s pre-seed investment round last September. Seraphim Capital is a newcomer to investing […]

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Quantum Companies

NExt ApplicationS of Quantum Computing (NEASQC) project brings twelve companies and institutions to develop NISQ computing

The NExt ApplicationS of Quantum Computing (NEASQC) project in France will bring together a large group of experts from different industries and fields. These include experts in quantum computing, high-performance computing, AI, chemistry, and energy management. NEASQC intends to show that while completely fault-tolerant quantum computing with millions of qubits is still not available today, there remain practical uses for the NISQ (Noisy Intermediate- Scale Quantum) systems that will be available soon. NISQ computing has some advantages when running select applications, which can bring significant benefits to users such as those in industries.

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General Technology | Quantum Computing Companies

Quantum Computing Race Steps up the pace in Germany

As the race for Quantum Computing heats-up, Germany often seems suspiciously quiet from the perspective of the rest of the world. Historically Germany was one of the leaders of the Quantum revolution that began in the 1920’s and one hundred years later it is making use of its heavy research and industrial might to ensure that it remains core to the development of the Quantum industry.

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Quantum Books | Quantum Cloud | Quantum Programming

How Classic software developers can learn Quantum Computing

The quantum revolution is on its way. Whilst researchers are still finding the killer applications that take Quantum Computing into prime time that hasn’t stopped developers learning the basis of Quantum Computing and how to program qubits in a range of devices and simulators that come from the Likes of IBM, Microsoft and Google plus lesser known start-ups such as CQC (Cambridge Quantum Computing) and Xanadu.

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Quantum Cryptography

BT and Toshiba install first quantum secure industrial network in UK to protect production facilities’ information transfers

Today, BT and Toshiba Europe Limited announced the first industrial quantum-secure network in the UK. It transmits between the National Composites Centre (NCC), the world-leading composite research and development facility in the UK, and the Centre for Modelling & Simulation (CFMS), a pioneer in new digital engineering capabilities and a not-for-profit organisation.

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Algorithms | Articles on Quantum Computing

Volkswagen present at Qubits 2020 on how they aim to use Quantum Computing in their paint shop

Volkswagen built an algorithm built on AWS that used QPU’s from D-wave. The project was called Quantum Shuttle and was done at last years 2019 WebSummit conference in Lisbon. This was the first time a real-time service utilized a quantum processor. Here VW talk about using Quantum Computing to optimize the painting of their vehicles. […]

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Artificial Intelligence

Baidu’s new cloud quantum computing service first revealed

Last week Baidu held a developer conference in which it showcased Quantum Leaf, a new cloud quantum computing platform for programming, simulating, and running quantum workloads. Baidu says that Quantum Leaf is meant to provide a programming environment for quantum-infrastructure-as-a-service setups. It is also meant to work in tandem with Paddle Quantum, the development toolkit Baidu released earlier this year.

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Algorithms | Articles on Quantum Computing | General Technology | Quantum Computing Companies

Toshiba provides Ising machine capable of solving large combinatorial problems as it joins Azure Quantum

Across different industries, there are always complex optimisation problems to be encountered, including routing vehicles, managing supply chains, assessing risks, optimising portfolios, operating power grids, and more. Even with numerous complicated algorithms developed to efficiently handle select problems, a lot of real-world optimisation problems are still difficult to optimise. This is despite many advancements in […]

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Quantum Investment

When will we see Quantum IPOs?

Recently we have seen the likes of Lemonade, Unity, JFrog and Snowflake float. Despite the Covid-19 crisis, tech seems relatively immune to the pandemic virus which has gripped the world and the economy. But as we spend more time at home, technology has been one of the least affected sectors of the economy. But when […]

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Careers | Education | Quantum Computing Companies

Boosting Diversity and Inclusion in Quantum Computing at HBCU Centre

IBM Quantum’s grand project During 2020’s summer season, the U.S. saw numerous protests against systematic racism and police brutality against Black Americans. These protests were nationwide and marked a critical point for American racial and social justice. Such protests also had the effect of reminding tech companies and other industries to do more in providing […]

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Random Number Generator

Quantum Start-up of the day: Quantum Dice

If God were to play dice, he would play Quantum Dice! Today we focus on one company with a seemingly strange remit: that is to make numbers more random. For the uninitiated this doesn’t sound a huge problem until you realize that it is very difficult to make truly random numbers and much of modern security depends on truly random numbers. One start-up tackling this area is the Oxford Company named Quantum Dice.

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General Technology

NVIDIA and ARM to build World-Class AI Research Center in Cambridge, UK

Recently NVIDIA agreed to acquire ARM for around $40bn making the combined company a formidable force in the world of classical computing which will now include CPU’s as well as GPU’s. Right now NVIDIA is not involved in the Quantum space, but we think that might well change in the future as the whole area of Quantum Machine Learning heats up. Now the UK will benefit from a new Artificial Intelligence research centre.

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Quantum Research

Creating fault-tolerant quantum computation

Noise and errors are some of the major problems that plague the field of quantum computing. There should be no surprise then that research teams around the globe are looking at ways to reduce noise and come up with clever schemes to deal with errors that take place during computing. Now a team at IBM have come up with a new methodology that enables a Quantum Computer to better compensate for errors.

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General Technology

The Many Worlds of Sean Carroll: A review of Something Deeply Hidden

Go to any conference on Quantum and take a straw poll about which interpretation of Quantum Mechanics the audience prefers and you’ll likely find the Many Worlds interpretation beats out many of the even well accepted conventions such as the Copenhagen interpretation, or even Bohmian Mechanics or QBism. We review the latest book from Sean Carroll exploring the nature of our Quantum reality and excitingly explores Many Worlds.

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Quantum Platforms

New Operating System for UK’s Quantum Computers

Last year and earlier this year we reported on the development of Riverlane’s Quantum Operating system named DeltaFlow.OS and it’s funding of 7.6m (GBP). The operating system is the key to getting better performance and capacity from quantum hardware. Now Riverlane have announced that the operating system has now reached a point of maturity where it could be used.

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General Technology

President Trump gives Quantum and AI $1 billion and 12 new institutes

The Whitehouse today has announced that it will fund 12 new institutes with a massive funding splurge to ensure that the US remains competitive in artificial intelligence and quantum computing. In the next 5 years, one billion dollars (US$) is earmarked for the two sectors which are taking the world by storm, with AI perhaps the most visible. But importantly Quantum Science has been recognised as an industry of the future.

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General Technology

When will AMD join the Quantum Computing Race?

The processor company famous for producing processors to rival Intel in today’s market has gathered increasing demands for it’s product as people are stuck inside under lock-downs and restrictions across the globe to prevent the spread of Covid-19. As the world desperately seeks more computational clout, could AMD also go into Quantum? Why don’t more […]

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Articles on Quantum Computing | General Technology

President Trump ear marks an extra 30% spending for Quantum Computing and AI

The new proposal released on Friday sanctions a spending increase of around 30% in the non-defense budget for artificial intelligence and quantum information science, which will include Quantum Computing. Recently there has been renewed interest in the competitive threats from China and the news realizes an effort to ensure the US remains competitive in emerging technologies.

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MNIST data and Quantum Machine Learning
Algorithms | Quantum Machine Learning

Single Photon Quantum Machine Learning improves on Classical result

The team at Google have recently published a paper: “Single-Photon Image Classification” describing how applying a quantum transformation can improve the accuracy of determining MNIST (digits) or MNIST (fashion) with just a single photon. In the toy model, the team show that for the quantum setup, an improvement in accuracy up to almost 41.27% for MNIST is achievable, almost double the classical set-up accuracy of 21.27%.

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Quantum Computing Business News | Quantum Computing Companies

Amazon Braket hits Prime Time: AWS Quantum Computing with Braket is released to the Public

Not even one year ago Amazon launched its quantum computing cloud service. The service named Braket. No that is not a typo. Braket is named after the notation that quantum scientists used: Bra’s and Ket’s. But the name will likely just be called “bracket” in terms of pronunciation, we suspect. Now Amazon is making Amazon Braket open for General Release.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | General Technology

Why back to the Future won’t be like you think it will be. Quantum Computing Predictions

Predicting the future is hard. Really hard. Just look at science fiction movie classics such as Back to the Future. Imagining what the future can bring is a tricky task that very few have been able to attain. Sure we can often get the trends right, but it is often the most disruptive breakthroughs that change everything. Think Lasers, Microprocessors – almost unimaginable in the 1950’s. But are we now in the 1950’s of Quantum Computing?

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Quantum Physics

Quantum Breakthrough with Efficient learning of quantum noise

A recent paper published in Nature Physics has highlighted progress in dealing with noise in quantum systems. Noise represents one of the biggest barriers to effective and practical quantum computing as the qubit count increases. The team from Sydney show a new protocol for dealing with a 14-qubit super conducting system. The work allows a correlation matrix ro be constructed highlighting interactions between qubits that has not previously been detected.

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Algorithms | Quantum Programming | Quantum Research

Toyota and Microsoft Quantum reduce carbon emissions 20% with Azure Quantum

Sadly the world still runs on carbon and despite the need to reduce it, or eliminate it completely there are still plenty of gas guzzlers on the road. The question is whether any optimization could help the environment without going full electric. Microsoft, Toyota and Jij worked on using Quantum algorithms to efficiently help traffic flow around the streets of Japan.

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Bletchley Park
Fun Stuff | General Technology

Bletchley Park: The birthplace of the Computer. Quantum Zeitgeist visits after lock-down

The home of the computer is a place that often gets overlooked. In the United Kingdom during the war, a mathematician and logician named Alan Turing and a whole host of other individuals (Bill Tutte, Tommy Flowers and countless more) were responsible for breaking the WW2 Nazi codes on the site of an mansion house: Bletchley Park. The byproduct of this effort was the computer has become ubiquitous. We visited after lock-down to see where the beginning of modern history began.

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Articles on Quantum Computing

How Quantum Computing could transform your business. The 3 minute introduction to how Quantum Computing could change everything.

There is a lot of hype around quantum computing. Some are erroneously touting that Quantum Computing can speed up all our lives and make encryption insecure. Separating fact from fiction is key to understanding what QC can and cannot do for your business. Here we outline some of the key take-away messages from Quantum Computing.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Computing Companies

5 Chinese Quantum Companies that you will already have heard of

As the interest in Quantum Computing, Quantum cryptography and the Quantum Internet grows, don’t be fooled into thinking that the breakthroughs we are seeing will always happen in western nations. The Chinese are coming and they are also working on Quantum technologies. We’ll highlight five of the largest technology companies in China that have an interest in Quantum Computing and technology.

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General Technology

If the US fears Chinese TikTok, might more investment flow into American Quantum Companies and Research?

TikTok has taken the social media world by storm. The network enables people to send short movie clips to each other. The dedicated site service appears to have caught some of the existing players off guard. But more importantly than what it does is where it does it… China. The Chinese owned company has created headlines with President Trump threatening to ban the service in the United States. However what about the competitive threat in the Quantum Computing arena from China?

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing. What should CEO’s know about the emerging technology?

Unless you have been living in a cave, you must have heard of quantum computing, the field that is set to overturn the world as we know it – or is it? For sure there is a great deal of quantum hype in the field. But what should you tune into and how might Quantum developments impact your business. We highlight some thinking around Quantum Computing with the aim to shine light on developments which could mean Quantum Computing is more disruptive than the Internet.

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Articles on Quantum Computing

Intel share price craters, but it is the only chip maker investing in Quantum Computing

The last few months have not been kind to Intel, which is a giant of the computer processor world with competition from the likes NVIDIA, AMD Micron and ARM. In fact it may purchase ARM. No doubt being a chip maker is competitive business. However when it comes to Quantum Computing, there is only one mainstream manufacturer investing in research into Quantum Technologies: Intel.

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Qiskit Summer School
Articles on Quantum Computing

Thousands of students join two week Qiskit summer school to learn Quantum programming

Qiskit, the guys and gals behind the very popular quantum computing language have just completed their first two week Qiskit summer school. The popular programme was over subscribed as students scrambled for limited lab space, although the course was open to pretty much all. The programme introduced quantum computing, qubits, quantum physics and how to build quantum circuits.

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Articles on Quantum Computing

Australia must invest in Quantum Computing to prepare for future pandemics

The field of Quantum Computing is still searching for killer applications. Despite a number of promising applications such as Shor’s algorithm, Grover and HHL, Quantum Computing has not made a material impact on sectors such as medicine. The founder of Sydney startup Q-CTRL states that Quantum Computing could deliver new tools for drug development which could help in the event of any future pandemics.

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Quantum Investment

How to invest in quantum computing the easy way

Investing in technology might seem a no-brainier with ever growing share prices of technology stocks such as amazon and google. But what about investing in emergent technology such as quantum computing and allied technologies. We illustrate some easy ways to get traction in the quantum computing space and invest in what may turn out to be one of the most important industries of the future.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | IBM Quantum Computing | Quantum Platforms

Could IBM re-invent itself and become the King of Quantum Cool?

I grew up in the twilight time between home computers and PC’s or more specifically IBM compatible PCs. The early nineties were a mix of playing with primitive machines like the BBC micro, spectrum machines and the Commodore 64. But it was the IBM PC that really set me on the journey into computing, science and much more. Here was a proper business machine that could be used at home for everything from spreadsheets to games to word-processing to developing read world applications.

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Quantum Computing Companies

ORCA Computing raises almost £3m seed funding in boost for British Quantum Computing

Quantum Computers could become more mainstream then previously thought possible. New investment into QC takes off with ORCA computing raising £2.9m in their seed round to develop photonic based Quantum Computers. “Light contained within optical fibers is also an excellent carrier of quantum information but so-far several challenges have prevented optical fiber playing a role […]

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Quantum Machine Learning | Quantum Platforms

Which Quantum Programming Language should you learn?

Just like classical programming languages such as C++, Python, JavaScript or even the ancient but still useful FORTRAN there are reasons to select one language over another. For example FORTRAN can still run pretty fast but lacks the ease of use and the libraries of Python which can be slower. But what about in the Quantum space, what language is appropriate? Here we’ll highlight languages that are suitable for almost anyone to get into Quantum programming.

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Bank of England
General Technology

Banking and the Quest for Quantum Dominance

As we have been saying at QZ for a long time, Banking and Finance will be one of the first major use cases of Quantum Computing. Coupled with the funds and the need to explore any advantages, banks are looking at Quantum Computing with interest. The latest piece from the times explores how RBS (Royal Bank of Scotland) is working with Quantum Computing company 1Qbit.

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Artificial Intelligence | Machine Learning

Microsoft’s AI Business School

We like to surface new learning materials and we came across Microsoft’s very business focused AI/Machine Learning portal which helps understand the importance of using AI in a variety of sectors from Retail to education. Each pathway of learning is tailored to a specific theme. There are learning paths for Financial Services, Healthcare, Retail, Manufacturing, Government and Education.

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Articles on Quantum Computing

Rahko win title of Hottest Quantum Startup

Rahko a British Quantum Start-up is concentrated on building the capability to model the behaviour of drugs and chemical reactions, and design advanced materials with greater speed and accuracy than what is currently possible, at reduced cost. The company was entered with IQM, Oxford Quantum Circuits and Phasecraft for the Europas Award 2020. Rahko states […]

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Quantum Cryptography | Quantum Landscape

World Economic Forum issues call to address Quantum Security challenges

The WEF (World Economic Forum) has issued a piece asking for the community to take seriously the implications of Quantum Computing. This is because quantum computing has the potential to break the systemically important cryptographic underpinnings of the infrastructure on which enterprises and the wider digital economy rely. In addition the community must also ensure that security doesn’t itself become a barrier to the progress and development of quantum computing.

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Quantum Landscape

How much would you have made if you invested 1000$ in Quantum ETF QTUM one year ago

We have written about quantum computing as an investment possibility and the public companies that are investing and building research and development in Quantum Computing. Companies such as Microsoft and IBM are heavily invested and for many this is the only way to invest in the Quantum sector. However there is another way – the QTUM fund which puts together many companies allied to quantum computing into one fund. We looked at the performance of the fund over the last year.

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Articles on Quantum Computing | Education

Will a new high level quantum programming language, Silq, take on existing languages?

At QZ we always get excited when we see a new framework or programming language. A team of researchers at have created a new high level language which aims to make programming quantum computers more intuitive resulting in more efficient gate usage – well that that is the aim of Silq, which is a new high-level programming language for quantum computing with a strong static type system, developed at ETH Zürich.

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General Technology

The year 2020 is when Quantum Computing finally becomes a “thing”

The surge of interest in the field over the last few years signals that we at the point where quantum computing is now “a thing”. Students are asking to study computing computing and whether there are any undergraduate degrees. High-school students can attend summer schools on QC. Popular online learning platforms are hosting QC courses. Major name (and some less well known) tech companies are building Quantum Computers.

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Quantum Companies

IQM gets massive new tranche of funding

The finish company IQM has obtained a grant for €2.5M and investment of up to €15M. The EIC awarded the funds to IQM and long with other sources IQM has recieved around $30M in funding so-far. The EIC is the European EIC Accelerator program which provides funding to start-ups that fit its criteria (IQM received its maximum grant).

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Google's Quantum Processor: Sycamore in Cubist style! Google, IBM, Microsoft and Amazon are all involved in pushing Quantum Computing innovation.
Articles on Quantum Computing

10 things you need to know about Quantum Computing right now

The origins of Quantum Computing date back a few years, starting with Richard Feynman and David Deutsch. The latter was the first to show there was a quantum algorithm advantage possible. That is that some algorithms could be run faster using quantum mechanical principles than existing classical computers. That doesn’t apply to all algorithms but in principle it works. Later algorithms emerging from the likes of Peter Shor and Lov Grover have shown that Quantum Computers may be able to factorize numbers much faster and searching can be done faster than conventional algorithms.

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Elon Musk's SpaceX - might the Quantum domain be next?
Fun Stuff | Quantum Computing News

When will Elon Musk start a Quantum Computing Company?

The weekend saw history made as Elon Musk’s company SpaceX put men into space – the first private manned flight – ever. The astronauts are on their was to the ISS (International Space Station) and as history continues to be made, it got us wondering about the Technological and Business accomplishments made by Elon and what the future holds for him. In fact now could be the time to start his own Quantum Computing company as we see massive technological developments in the field.

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Cluster your record collection?
Education | Quantum Machine Learning

Quantum Machine Learning: Quantum K-means clustering

Clustering has proved to be an important concept in classical machine learning, in the process a series of data is clustered, usually according to some measure of distance which corresponds to how close data points are to each other. The data points could be anything, such as people where a point in space is represented as an N dimensional feature, for example hair color, eye color, age,… etc. Points which are closer together are more alike. The algorithm allows for separation into a number of predefined clusters K.

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Fun Stuff

Quantum Devices…that simply aren’t?

Quantum can be an over-used term. Here at QZ it applied chiefly to the field of quantum science which is an established science with repeatable observations. Sure it is a theory but that doesn’t mean anything can get a Quantum label as some product makers think. Buzz terms are all part of the marketing patter […]

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Quantum Computing News

Baidu open sources quantum machine learning toolkit

Baidu, perhaps best known for its search engine – in some ways is the google of china. As the world wakes up to the prospect of near term quantum computing, many of the worlds technology giants, IBM, Amazon, Microsoft and Google are working to incorporate quantum computing into their offering.