The Quantum Cloud is much like the computing cloud that we all typically know about and use (often unknowingly). Services such as AWS (amazon web services) are cloud services which means that companies such as QuantumZeitgeist do not need to run on rack of our own physical hardware. Making sense in today’s technological climate, the NSF is making funds available for those wanting to use Cloud Quantum Computing as a service with the aim of enhancing certain key research areas.
Funding will be promoted by NSF for these key research areas:
- Quantum algorithms and their experimental realization;
- Quantum compiler and run-time infrastructure design;
- Fault-tolerant computing and other methods to boost the performance of existing quantum-computing hardware;
- Benchmarking of architectures, systems, algorithms, and scalable error-correction techniques;
- Quantum simulations, optimizations, cryptography, and machine learning; and
- Demonstrations of feasibility for applications of quantum algorithms.
There are three main players in the NSF’s recent notice, IBM, Amazon and Microsoft. You can learn more about these companies by going to their respective Quantum Cloud pages below.